Wednesday, May 8, 2019
Countries with low birthrates Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
Countries with minor birthrates - Essay ExampleThis report aims to highlight the changes in Italy and Germanys world structure and the population policies Id implement to achieve future sustainable growth levels. Italys population is expected to importantly decline from its current level of 61 million to around 55 million by 2050 (CIA, 2011). Italys current population growth rate stands at 0.42%. This will result in an aging population as life expectancy increases (currently 81 years) and birth rates fall (currently 9.18 births per 1000 of the population). Italys amount fertility rate at 1.39 children per woman is also below the replacement level of 2.1. Only 13.8% of Italys population is under the age of 14, compargond with 20.3% of its population who are over 65. Germanys population has also started to decline by -0.208% from 82.5 million in 2004 to 81.47 million in 2011 (CIA, 2011). There are currently 8.3 births per 1,000 of the population and an amount fertility rate of 1.4 1 children. Germany also has a great population imbalance in which 13.3% of the population are under the age of 14, whilst 20.6% of the population is over 65.